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The city of Beja is the capital of the subregion of Baixo Alentejo. With a population close to 35,000 inhabitantes spread over a territory of more than 1,100 km², Beja has a low population density.
This city was founded during the Roman Empire by Julius Caesar or Augustus and important Roman remains have been discovered there.
After that, the city experience a new growth thanks to the foundation of the Duchy of Beja which initiate the construction of important buildings like the Convent of Our Lady of the Conception and the Palace of the Dukes of Beja and, later, the Church of Mercy, whose is one of the greatest representatives of Renaissance architecture in Portugal.
Beja has a rich cultural heritage, but also a vast natural heritage characterized by a great biodiversity.
Among the cultural assets of the city, it should be highlight: